AD&D Second Edition, Player’s Handbook

I recently re-read (again) the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons Second Edition Player’s Handbook. I did it because I have played the Baldur’s Gate computer game, and also because I have been reading James Maliszewski’s blog Grognardia. The game uses a modified AD&D system, and James talks often about D&D style gaming.

The reading was very nostalgic. The second edition of AD&D is probably the roleplaying game I have played the most, and it was also one of the first English-language games I played. It was also markedly not a very simple game, and I think it’s a good thing we had played Dungeons and Dragons and RuneQuest in Finnish before tackling this monster.

I remember that we waited eagerly for the Player’s Handbook to be published. This was in 1989, I think, and most stores in Finland which carried roleplaying games had only the supplements, and not the basic books. I think that was mainly because the new version was coming out, and the RPG business wasn’t that large even then.

I got some of the supplements, which were obviously for the First Edition AD&D, before the Second Edition was published. The first book I got from the AD&D line was the Dungeoneer’s Survival Guide and I remember adding some of the stuff to our D&D games, too. We did play AD&D then on and off for years – the last long campaign I played in ended I think in 1996 when most of the players had their compulsory Army service, and I have played a couple of short games even after that.

Now I of course have a somewhat better grasp of the language, and the translations I scribbled make me laugh even now. It still amazes me how accurately we did play the game, even when we learned the language while playing. We did even use some of the optional rules, but the damage-dependent armor classes were tried once, and I don’t remember anybody ever using the unarmed combat rules.

I have long though that AD&D is basically unplayable. The Grognardia blog (and some other old-school publications, like Lamentations of the Flame Princess) has made me re-think that. I now think that AD&D could well be used to run a fun campaign, if one will just learn to play with it.

I also think that it might be better not to define the game world that much before the game. We usually played in the Forgotten Realms world when I GM’d, mainly because I had the box and a lot of region modules. It was an easy choice, and I did add a lot of my own stuff, and used a lot of modules written for different worlds. It was fun, and the world wasn’t that well defined. Many settlements had just a three-line description and no major NPCs defined, so it was mainly exploring an unknown continent.

While reading the book I also remembered that we never really got into the high-level play. The spell lists contain a lot of spells which I remember reading about but which were never used in the game. This means the iconic spells for me are the ones at or below fourth level or so. It was fun playing with these 4-8 level characters. They had power over regular people but even a single dragon was a tough challenge.

One thing I found amusing were the small problems in the book. There are some typos in the book: my copy didn’t have the broadsword listed, and we got it from the DM’s screen.

In the spells there are some strange things, too. Even when we played we noticed that the range of the priest spell Speak with dead had range of just ‘3’, with no units. This didn’t come up in play, though, because I think we just winged it.

I also now read the priest spell Creeping doom more throughly. The spell summons a mass of from 500 to 1000 bugs, and it calls this a “swarm”. The swarm covers a 20 feet square, that is, a six-metre square. The spell never says anything that the bugs are gigantic, and I would assume they are just regular bugs, though they can be large ones.

The fun thing here is that if the spell summons the maximum of a thousand of bugs, the bugs either have to be very large or the swarm isn’t very imposing. The square root of one thousand is a bit over 31, which means that if the bugs are arranged neatly and regularily  in a square, there are 31 by 31 bugs. This means that in the area affected, the distance between bugs is about 20 centimetres, so perhaps eight inches.

If the bugs are “normal-sized”, the “swarm” isn’t very imposing, in my opinion. If the bugs were the largest insects or spiders in the world, it would be more scary, but even then it wouldn’t be a “mass” like the spell says it would be.

I think this is just because the writers didn’t really go through the numbers. I think it would be better if the spell just summoned a large horde of insects six metres a side – it would be like a huge army ant swarm, and very, very scary.

The other priest spell problem I noticed is that the priestly version of Reincarnation really has no use, at least in a regular adventuring party. The priest version of the spell is the one that might reincarnate the target as a woodland animal, and it’s very obviously meant to be the Druidic version of the Resurrection spell. Resurrection is the spell for clerics, and it ‘just’ restores the target to life.

Also, in the first edition of AD&D, Reincarnation is in the druid spell list, and Resurrection is in the cleric spell list, so this is obviously where the second edition thinking comes from. In many ways the Reincarnation is the inferior of the two as it gives no control over what kind of creature the target reincarnates as, and the target needs to be more recently dead than with Resurrection.

This isn’t a problem. Having two different spells for raising dead is fine, and they are both seventh level spells, so they are both very powerful. The problem comes with the priestly spheres introduced in the second edition: both these spells belong just to the Necromantic sphere, very obviously because they bring dead people to life. The spheres are different for clerics (they get a lot of spells) and for the various specialty priests, of which the druid is the example given in the book.

Only the druids don’t get access to the Necromantic sphere. They are not healers, or at least not on the same level as clerics, so it’s obvious they don’t need the Resurrection spell. They just don’t get the Reincarnation, either, and so are a bit screwed, and the poor Reincarnation never gets used as written.

Of course the easy fix is just to change the sphere of Reincarnation to Animal or whatever druids get and clerics don’t. It just shows that there are a lot of small and easily missed errors in the book, and I can imagine that if we had noticed that we would have had arguments about what to do with the spells.

One other thing I’d fix if I’d play AD&D again is the damage of the crossbows. I remember only one instance of a player character using a crossbow in our games, and that was an assassin (we were using a mix of 1st and 2nd edition AD&D rules at that point) using hand crossbows. They didn’t do much good, I think he got off a couple of shots in his first fight and then the carrion crawlers paralyzed and ate the whole party.

Fun times.

It was a nice nostalgia trip reading the book. I remembered the fun games we had, and learning the game and the language at the same time. My vocabulary was (and is) very much influenced by this game, and I can still spell phylactery thanks to Gary Gygax.

I’ll perhaps run an AD&D game at some point, but not in the near future. There are too many games I feel are more fun for the gaming I want to do nowadays, but there is still a soft spot in my heart for AD&D.

Libraries are useful

I have been living with books and libraries all my life. My father used to be a librarian, we had a lot of books (and still do, both me and my parents) and of course read them a lot. I got my first library card when I was I think five years old. This means I have a lot of emotional attachment to books and libraries. I talked about books before, so now it’s turn for libraries.

Finland has been a world leader in library usage. We have had a good literacy rate and there have been many books published in Finnish, so people also read a lot. Interconnected with this reading is of course the Finnish municipal library system. We do have other libraries (like the National library in which my father used to work), but usually when talking about the library I mean the municipal libraries.

They have been used much in Finland in the past, though now the use is declining (only in Finnish, sorry). The fact that the libraries are very cheap or even free to use probably contributes to this. I’m not sure about most places, but at least here in the Helsinki metropolitan area the municipal library card (valid in the four cities here: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen) is free and borrowing books (and other items, like cds or dvds, or console games) is free. There are small fees for reservations, but the excellent reservation system is so good that the 50 cents for reservation is a very good price.

The decline is not very well known. There are probably many reasons for that. It might be because the libraries are mainly a place for books and the books they buy are not that popular, or people might just read less.

One of the reasons will at least in the near future be the ebooks. Even though the libraries do have them even here for borrowing, there are problems with them and libraries. Not every publisher is happy with the library loans, and I’m not even sure how easy it is for a Finnish municipal library to negotiatie with a publisher based in, for example, Germany, not to mention the United States. The copying of books is an issue here. Every DRM scheme can be circumvented, and at least I’m not keen on even borrowing books which would have DRM on them.

Even with that, our local library has ebook readers and books for borrowing, so these are not unsurmountable problems. Also here in Finland people are allowed to make their own copies of music which they have gotten from legal sources, so for example cds borrowed from the library are perfectly okay for copying. The libraries pay more for this right, obviously, and nobody seems to think it’s a major issue, so I don’t think the ebooks are impossible.

Also the libraries are good repositories of books. I read a lot and buying all the books I read would be somewhat expensive and with physical books very difficult as we’d run out of bookshelves even faster than we do now. In addition to that, it’s very easy to go to the library and look for books either on a subject that I have thought of beforehand or just go and browse. Of course I can buy almost any book I can think of on the internet and even search for the books, but I haven’t yet found a web interface that’d be as good for browsing as the bookshelves of the library are.

Also borrowing books is good when you are not sure you want to own the book, either because you haven’t yet read the book or because you are sure you don’t want to own the book. I wouldn’t want this to go away even when the ebooks will dominate the market.

I have also bought books after reading them in the library and realizing that I want to own them.

Then there’s the searching for information. There’s of course search engines and forums on the net which either can automatically help searching or have users who might know where to find information, but when I’ve asked librarians about where to find some obscure piece of information, they’re unsurpassed. Also the libraries contain also old books – not everything is on the Internet, yet – so having a repository of information from thousands of years has its merits.

This also comes back to the piece I wrote on the permanence of items. If somebody makes a book, chances are the effort is big enough that not everything gets printed and somebody should have done some editing, so the books are an edited version of information. This doesn’t of course hold for all books, as there’s a lot of complete crap published, but it works for me.

So, librarians and having books from many years ago are good things. Even if the information itself would be out of date, there’s the metadata (heh) about the history: you can tell a lot about the time period and even how people thought by reading old books. I would want that to stay. Of course, it seems that having good skills in searching for information and deciding what to trust is important with the Internet, but having professionals for that for everybody is useful.

The libraries as  repositories is of course not so much of a matter for municipal libraries, though they do their part there, but more of the aforementioned National library, and of course other, smaller and more dedicated libraries.

This far I have been talking about libraries as places to borrow books (and that other stuff) from and perhaps ask what to read. The libraries have other uses, too, and they are very useful for poor people.

One thing the libraries here do is subscribe to a lot of newspapers and magazines. One can of course debate how useful they are, but I did address that already. Subscribing to all magazines would be again expensive and it’s good to have them available. One option for not subscribing to a daily newspaper, especially with little money, is to go to the library and read the newspaper there. I have read a lot of magazines (for example Scientific American) in the library when I didn’t have the money to subscribe to that, and I did read a lot of Pienoismalli scale modeling magazines as a kid, but I really didn’t want to subscribe  them.

This is a good thing from libraries: they provide subscriptions to magazines and newspapers for people who for various reasons don’t want to get them to their home.

Here the libraries also have other services. Every library seems to have at least a computer or two with an Internet connection and they’re very useful again for people who for some reason don’t have (or want) one at home. I think, with no reference, that they are very useful for many people, especially nowadays when more and more services are only on the Internet.

There are also more rare things which libraries are in an unique position to provide. Today I was in a story reading session for children, in a library. This session was special in that it was done in the Finnish sign language, taped and should’ve been broadcast on the Internet. Technical problems prevented the sending of the story, but old sessions have been made available already.

This is one thing libraries are a very good enabler for. They aren’t the only organization in this, but they did provide the room and technical and practical experience on doing story sessions. I think doing that would’ve been much more difficult without libraries.

There are probably other good reasons for libraries, even in the changing world where all books would be available on a personal mobile device for almost free, but this is getting long already. Please add reasons in the comments if you can think of them.

There’s also the fact that I seem to have a face which the local librarians notice easily. I don’t think I’ve lived anywhere where the librarians don’t remember me soon after moving there. The libraries are a very important part in my life, and I spend a lot of time in them, for reasons stated above and also because I just like them. For some years now we have visited the local library almost weekly with my daughter. She seems to be growing into it, too, and I hope her possible children would have libraries, too.

Handicrafts and social games

I finally managed to do some handiwork. My trusty bag had developed a hole, and because it is otherwise in perfect condition, I sewed the hole and then realized that I have some Traveller patches, which I got years ago.

I have had plans for the patches, mostly for putting them on some jacket, but all my jackets nowadays have these high tech coatings, so sewing is out of the question and gluing them on feels too permanent. I would like to re-use the patches some time, and getting rid of the glue is more difficult than cutting of thread.

I found out that my patch sewing skills are pretty rusty. There’s a student culture here that the students get these coveralls with their department color, in universities, and then different faculties and associations have patches which get sewn on the coveralls. They are then used in many student parties and things. I sewed a lot of patches to my coveralls, but that was over 15 years ago, so it took some effort to remember how to sew properly.

A bag with a black 3rd Imperium Sunburst on red field on it

3rd Imperium bag

The patch symbol is from the role playing game Traveller. It’s the Imperial Sunburst of the Third Imperium, but I don’t know what branch of Imperial service it’s supposed to be. According to the MegaTraveller Imperial Encyclopedia, the branches have different colored sunbursts but it tells little about the background. The Imperial Interstellar Scout Service has a red sunburst and the Imperial Army a black one, but I’d rather be in the Scouts myself…

It might also be that I’m overthinking this.

I also continued knitting a shawl after a long break. I dropped a couple of loops in it over a year ago and was, as usual, very annoyed at this and just put the work away. Some weeks ago I finally put the thing back together and continued knitting it. It’s my first attempt at knitting lace and the pattern is nice for a beginner. It’s not too difficult but also not too boring.

Rinsessa shawl, not finished

The Rinsessa shawl, not finished

The pattern is Rinsessa from the Ulla knitting magazine. I didn’t consider the length of it, I’m only now on the second skein of yarn, out of five and it feels like it’s going on forever.

Comparing these two projects, I like knitting more as the mistakes can be covered more easily. When sewing even small mistakes show up, but I think the shawl has already multiple mistakes and not even I can see them.

Yesterday I did some knitting in a social situation. I’m somewhat late to the curve, but finally I managed to organize some people to come over and play some Guitar Hero together. I haven’t played it a lot with people, mostly just by myself, and I was amazed how different the game is in different contexts.

While playing by myself I usually play the guitar and try to play for score, or at least stars. This means I try to play technically correctly and use the harder difficulty levels. When playing with friends, it’s more the fun in playing together. YesterdayI mostly played the drums as I haven’t played them that much by myself and it was very fun. Most of the others hadn’t played that much or the songs were unfamiliar so the fun was also in the failing.


Programming professionally

There are some mainly children’s programs about which I just have to blog. The examples I have seen have been programmed in Finland and apparently sold as real commercial products.

The reason why I’m blogging about these certain programs is that they are very, very badly made and I can’t see the companies (or the single person making the program) really thinking about what they were doing.

The first example is a Moomin game which came on a cd. The game was published in I think 2002, and on the front was a claim that the game was compatible with both Windows and Mac. We bought the game in I think 2005 or 2006.

First I tried to install the game on my Windows XP. It did install but didn’t work properly, I don’t remember anymore what was wrong, but we still decided to try it out on my work Mac laptop. It didn’t work, and after checking the box and the system requirements, I realized that the program was meant for Mac OS 9, which had been discontinued years ago. I tried to use the OS 9 compability mode for the game but it still didn’t want to work, so we ditched the game.

But the program which made me write this was an educational software for kids, again made in Finland. The name of the software is “Matematiikan Linna” and it’s apparently published in 2004. This one says as its operating system requirements “Win 9x, Win2000, WinXP”, so it probably should work fine on my Windows 7, then.

It is apparently a math education program for preschoolers and school starters.

The first thing which caught my attention on and in the box is the apparent paranoia of the publisher: I see five different places where the copyright is stated, with either a simple “all rights reserved” or a longer text which tells that one can’t copy the program or apparently anything else as it is copyrighted. Always a good sign.

I then inserted the cd into my computer and looked at which installation script I should run. There was a batch file called ‘asenna.bat’, that is, install in Finnish, and one directory, apparently containing the program. I, being the paranoid I am, looked at what the batch file really did.

I laughed out loud, because the installation batch basically just copies everything on the disc, the install batch file and the directory, to the root of the c: drive. This might work well in earlier Windows but even XP should not be used in administrator mode, so this might fail for regular users.

This doesn’t of course address the fact that Windows has had proper places to install software since the beginning, and even I know that the root of the c: drive is not the place to install new programs. Granted, many programs need administrator rights to be installed but that is just ridiculous.

I then used some directory I had access to and which was meant for programs and copied the software there. I tried to run it next. Did it work?

Of course not. I could see the splash screen (which again told me not to copy the software, or else!) and got to the main menu, but after I tried to do some of the exercises, I only got an error for a missing DLL and a crashed program. I tried it a couple of times but after seeing the same thing again and again I just deleted the program.

I admit that I saw the DLL in question in the directory, and as I don’t know Windows that well, there probably is a way to get the program to see the DLL and use it properly. I just don’t want to spend my time to do it as the program makers should’ve made a proper installer to the software – I think in 2004 software developers could well assume that Win 9x is not used anymore and maybe, just maybe, they could assume that people want to install the programs to Program Files. Maybe.

I just don’t know how these did get published. If I got the math program as an exercise program in a university, I’d just grade it as a failure, because it just doesn’t do what it should and doesn’t display any knowledge of the platform conventions. At work that just wouldn’t do at all.

I think these companies are small, probably just one or two people and they don’t really know that much. What I don’t get is how they did manage to publish something, because that needs at least some capital. It might have been their own money because I really can’t see anybody putting any money in this.

Also the marketing angle is somehow lost on me. Moomin games of course sell easily, but for the math software there’s really nothing to recommend. It’s badly made, from what I could see and it even doesn’t work. I don’t want to boot up my XP to see if it works better there, but if it was done correctly it’d run in W7.

Of course I had enough energy to write this rant, but bad programs make me angry and that gives me energy.

On physical media

Even though most of the media I consume nowadays is available in downloadable digital form, accessible through the internet, I still have some soft spot for some physical media.

I haven’t yet bought that much music online. I’m an annoying nitpicker and almost all the music I have bought in the last 25 years has already been digital, except the ten or so LPs I did buy because I got them cheap (I don’t have an LP player anymore). I still buy cds occasionally, but less than I used to, because after putting all my collection on a hard disk, I found out that I have more than enough music to listen to. So, there quite few new physical music items in the house. I do buy some records by small Finnish bands occasionally, though, and I do like the album art on some cds, but I rarely look at it, so I probably could do without buying physical music at all.

This week Jari, my friend, commented that I’m “one of them”. I asked what he meant and he said that I’m one of the few people who still subscribe to physical magazines. The one I had just mentioned I subscribe because my union provides a subscription two magazines out of eleven, and I thought this computer magazine, MikroPC, would be good. I also subscribe to Scientific American.

I like to subscribe to these two magazines. They both have interesting articles, and I probably could subscribe to them digitally and read most of the articles online, but for me having the physical magazine makes me read them more thoroughly. Even if I could subscribe to the magazines for a tablet (and if I had a tablet), I probably wouldn’t. I throw the magazines away after reading, though I do pass the Scienfic Americans to my father-in-law first. (He does the same thing for Tekniikan maailma for me.) This means I don’t collect them, like I used to do for some magazines earlier.

The physical magazine is somehow a collection of interesting articles and other pieces, which somebody has put some effort to compile. This makes it more enticing to read for me than the same articles on the internet, and they are a reminder at home for me that I do have some reading to do. It’s very easy for me to get distracted when I’m on a computer, so I don’t feel I concentrate on the reading that much.

So, for now I’ll subscribe to some magazines, just to get the editing done. I do miss the Mathematical Recreations columns in Scientific American, but there are other good columns in it. even now. When I get a tablet, I’ll probably subscribe to other publications, but on the desktop computer I don’t see the need, and even with a tablet I probably won’t read in the same way.

We also do own a lot of books. I have bought less and less books lately, but I haven’t yet bought a tablet or an ebook reader, for various reasons, mostly having to do with Yet Another Device syndrome and DRM. I will probably get a tablet at some point and hope it can double as a non-DRM ebook reader, which it presumably will, but the time hasn’t yet come. I do use the library a lot, and they loan out physical books still.

I have long venerated the physicality of books – I like them as objects in themselves, as my parents owned (and still own) a lot of books, and like the idea of having a filled bookshelf. I have also thought of physical books as being more permanent than ebooks, but John Scalzi wrote this week about the permanence of books, and that got me thinking. I already consider my “real” music to be on the disk, so why not books? I think I stated the reasons in the previous paragraph, though I still like books. I won’t get rid of all the physical books, but when the DRM problems get solved, and when somebody thinks of publish ebooks usably in Finnish, I’ll get a reader and not look back.

For some things having multiple physical books is a boon, though. I have planned many roleplaying sessions with 5-10 books open at relevant pages and even though an ebook device (or a computer) can of course have that many books open, the display is not as large as my kitchen table or living room floor. (I expect to have a working kitchen table touchscreen in the future, though. This will change things.) So, for that having the books just as ebooks would not be as useful as physical books. Also for some art references it’s good to have multiple books open.

Today I also noticed that I have too many physical media for computer games. I finally threw out the Space Quest collection I had. It didn’t work very well in the Windows XP I tried to run it in last, as the discs said that the game was optimized for MS-DOS and Windows 3.1. As these are not very current systems and I can get the game (rather, games) for current Windows at Good Old Games very cheaply, there’s no point in having the games on cds as badly working versions.

Usually I don’t like buying the same content twice in different formats, but getting old programs working is always a hassle. I also don’t play those old games that much, so I don’t have to buy them.

I should probably sometime soon go through the games I own and see which ones to throw away. Not the Ultima V box, as the map is very good, but other stuff could go.

It seems that mostly I don’t need most physical media, though there are some benefits to it, and also some nostalgy. The permanency issue is not clear-cut and I think I’ll return to it later as this is getting somewhat long already.

Art evolution in comics

I read a lot of comics. I think I started with the Finnish version of Donald Duck: Aku Ankka as probably most Finnish children. I continued with Asterix, Lucky Luke, Valerian and other European comics I found in the librabry, then moved on to Marvel and DC superhero comics when a friend loaned a lot of Claremont X-Men comics to me.

Of course when I got an internet connection I started reading comics on the internet. One of the first ones I read was of course Dilbert. Then I found a lot of new comics, and nowadays I don’t read Dilbert that much.

Two of the best comics I read even now are Schlock Mercenary and Questionable Content. Schlock Mercenary started in 2000, QC started in 2003 and both seem to be going strong. They update regularily, Schlock every day and QC every weekday, but that’s to be expected as they are the jobs of the creators.

Posting a comic five or seven times a week means a lot of drawing. I started reading both comics when they were new. A link to Schlock Mercenary was posted to a mailing list I’m on, and the reference was to near-c projectiles, and Schlock has continued to be at least semi-hard scifi. I think this was sometime in the first year of Schlock.

I was pointed to Questionable content by the now sadly not updated webcomics blog Websnark, I think I first read the comic number 162.

Both of these comics have now been put into print, Schlock some years ago and Questionable Content later. When I got the books, they were obviously made of older strips, but I was still reading them daily, so I saw immediately the difference between the old and the new. Granted, the first Schlock book wasn’t made of the early strips, instead having more recent strips, but the difference was noticeable. Questionable Content seems to change the art every now and then.

Marten from Questionable Content 1

Marten from Questionable Content 2114

Here you can see the difference between one of the main characters in Questionable Content.

And here is the Schlock Mercenary.
Schlock Mercenary in the first strip

Schlock Mercenary in February 2012

For me these images show that very much of the skill of the cartoonist comes from the practice. Both these draughtsmen consistently draw, I suppose every day at least a bit, and after years of practice, it really shows. I remember when Howard Tayler was asking his readers if somebody would buy the books if he printed the comic and I answered ‘of course’. He had some qualms about the art quality, and I can only say I’m happy he waited until he finally made the real books. He probably got more new readers by publishing a nice-looking comic instead of what he had in the beginning.

Both these comics have also good storytelling in my opinion, but I’ll save discussing that into a later post.

Images from Schlock Mercenary are copyrighted to Howard Tayler and images from Questionable Content are copyrighted to Jeph Jacques.

The layout of this post is somewhat strange, I have to learn about the layouting in HTML (and WordPress) better soon.